Buddhism /ˈbuːdɪzəm/
(noun) an Indian religion widely followed in Asia, based on the teaching of Siddhartha Gautama (or Buddha)
Example: Buddhism is the dominant religion in Thailand.

Buddha /ˈbuːdə/
(noun) a title given to Siddhartha Gautama, the person on whose teachings the Buddhist religion is based
Example: The world continues to wait for more and more Buddhas, for Buddha is not a person but is a state of being.

Bodhisattva /ˌbəʊdɪˈsɑːtvə/
(noun) a person who is able to reach nirvana (= a state of peace and happiness) but who delays doing this because of the suffering of other humans
Example: A Bodhisattva is a person who's not yet become a Buddha but is on the way.

Buddhist /ˈbuːdɪst/
(adjective) following or connected with the religion of Buddhism
Example: There is a Buddhist temple at the centre of the city.

Nirvana /nɪrˈvɑːnə/
(noun) the state of peace and happiness that a person achieves after giving up all personal desires
Example: The answer to the problem of suffering does not lie in a better rebirth in the cycle of reincarnation - only nirvana offers a final solution.

dharma /ˈdɑːrmə/
(noun) truth or law that affects the whole universe
Example: When we study the Buddhist dharma, we are not supposed to blindly accept what we are told.

vegetarian /ˌvedʒəˈteriən/
(noun) a person who does not eat meat or fish
Example: Vegetarians don’t eat meat.

karma /ˈkɑːrmə/
(noun) the sum of somebody’s good and bad actions in one of their lives, believed to decide what will happen to them in the next life
Example: Most people would say that one of the key teachings in Buddhism is karma.

rebirth /ˌriːˈbɜːrθ/
(noun) a period of new life, growth or activity
Example: the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth

emptiness /ˈemptinəs/
(noun) a feeling of being sad because nothing seems to have any value
Example: I felt an emptiness inside me.

ego /ˈiːɡəʊ/
(noun) your sense of your own value and importance
Example: Being outsmarted by a girl can really hurt a guy's ego.’