Buddhism /ˈbuːdɪzəm/ (noun) an Indian religion widely followed in Asia, based on the teaching of Siddhartha Gautama (or Buddha) Example: Buddhism is the dominant religion in Thailand.
Buddha /ˈbuːdə/ (noun) a title given to Siddhartha Gautama, the person on whose teachings the Buddhist religion is based Example: The world continues to wait for more and more Buddhas, for Buddha is not a person but is a state of being.
Bodhisattva /ˌbəʊdɪˈsɑːtvə/ (noun) a person who is able to reach nirvana (= a state of peace and happiness) but who delays doing this because of the suffering of other humans Example: A Bodhisattva is a person who's not yet become a Buddha but is on the way.
Buddhist /ˈbuːdɪst/ (adjective) following or connected with the religion of Buddhism Example: There is a Buddhist temple at the centre of the city.
Nirvana /nɪrˈvɑːnə/ (noun) the state of peace and happiness that a person achieves after giving up all personal desires Example: The answer to the problem of suffering does not lie in a better rebirth in the cycle of reincarnation - only nirvana offers a final solution.
dharma /ˈdɑːrmə/ (noun) truth or law that affects the whole universe Example: When we study the Buddhist dharma, we are not supposed to blindly accept what we are told.
vegetarian /ˌvedʒəˈteriən/ (noun) a person who does not eat meat or fish Example: Vegetarians don’t eat meat.
karma /ˈkɑːrmə/ (noun) the sum of somebody’s good and bad actions in one of their lives, believed to decide what will happen to them in the next life Example: Most people would say that one of the key teachings in Buddhism is karma.
rebirth /ˌriːˈbɜːrθ/ (noun) a period of new life, growth or activity Example: the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth
emptiness /ˈemptinəs/ (noun) a feeling of being sad because nothing seems to have any value Example: I felt an emptiness inside me.
ego /ˈiːɡəʊ/ (noun) your sense of your own value and importance Example: Being outsmarted by a girl can really hurt a guy's ego.’