Buddhism

HỌC BỘ TỪ

Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva /ˌbɒdɪˈsɑːtvə/
(n.) a person who is able to reach nirvana (= a state of peace and happiness) but who delays doing this because of the suffering of other humans
Example: A Bodhisattva is a person who's not yet become a Buddha but is on the way.


Buddha
Buddha /ˈbʊdə/
(n.) a title given to Siddhartha Gautama, the person on whose teachings the Buddhist religion is based
Example: The world continues to wait for more and more Buddhas, for Buddha is not a person but is a state of being.


Buddhism
Buddhism /ˈbʊdɪz(ə)m/
(n.) an Asian religion based on the teaching of Siddhartha Gautama (or Buddha)
Example: Buddhism is the dominant religion in Thailand.


Buddhist
Buddhist /ˈbʊdɪst/
(adj.) following or connected with the religion of Buddhism
Example: There is a Buddhist temple at the centre of the city.


dharma
dharma /ˈdɑːmə/
(n.) truth or law that affects the whole universe
Example: When we study the Buddhist dharma, we are not supposed to blindly accept what we are told.


ego
ego /ˈiːɡəʊ/
(n.) your sense of your own value and importance
Example: Being outsmarted by a girl can really hurt a guy's ego.’


emptiness
emptiness /ˈɛm(p)tɪnəs/
(n.) a feeling of being sad because nothing seems to have any value
Example: I felt an emptiness inside me.


karma
karma /ˈkɑːmə/
(n.) the sum of somebody’s good and bad actions in one of their lives, believed to decide what will happen to them in the next life
Example: Most people would say that one of the key teachings in Buddhism is karma.


Nirvana
Nirvana /nɪəˈvɑːnə/
(n.) the state of peace and happiness that a person achieves after giving up all personal desires
Example: The answer to the problem of suffering does not lie in a better rebirth in the cycle of reincarnation - only nirvana offers a final solution.


rebirth
rebirth /riːˈbəːθ/
(n.) a period of new life, growth or activity
Example: the endless cycle of birth, death, and rebirth


vegetarian
vegetarian /ˌvedʒəˈteəriən/
(n.) a person who does not eat meat or fish
Example: Vegetarians don’t eat meat.