wood /wʊd/ (noun) the hard material that the trunk and branches of a tree are made of; this material when it is used to build or make things with, or as a fuel Example: He chopped some wood for the fire.
leaf /liːf/ (noun) a flat green part of a plant, growing from a stem or branch or from the root Example: The leaves on the trees were beginning to turn from green to orange.
tree /triː/ (noun) a tall plant that can live a long time. Trees have a thick central wooden trunk from which branches grow, usually with leaves on them Example: My father likes planting trees.
flower /ˈflaʊər/ (noun) the coloured part of a plant from which the seed or fruit develops. Flowers usually grow at the end of a stem and last only a short time. Example: Do you like flowers?
grass /ɡræs/ (noun) a common wild plant with narrow green leaves and stems that are eaten by cows, horses, sheep, etc. Example: a blade of grass
bush /bʊʃ/ (noun) a plant that grows thickly with several hard stems coming up from the root Example: She was hiding in the bushes at the side of the lane.
branch /bræntʃ/ (noun) a part of a tree that grows out from the main stem and on which leaves, flowers and fruit grow Example: She climbed the tree and hid in the branches.
seed /siːd/ (noun) the small hard part produced by a plant, from which a new plant can grow Example: These vegetables can be grown from seed.
Beech /biːtʃ/ (noun) a tall forest tree with smooth grey bark , shiny leaves and small nuts Example: The great beeches towered up towards the sky.
Birch /bɜːrtʃ/ (noun) a tree with smooth bark and thin branches that grows in northern countries Example: Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs
Bloom /bluːm/ (noun) a flower (usually one on a plant that people admire for its flowers) Example: The plant produced a single white bloom.
Bluebell /ˈbluːbel/ (noun) a garden or wild flower with a short stem and small blue or white flowers that have the shape of bells Example:
Bracken /ˈbrækən/ (noun) a wild plant with large leaves that grows thickly on hills and in woods and turns brown in the autumn Example: Bracken (Pteridium) is a genus of large, coarse ferns in the family Dennstaedtiaceae.
Bud /bʌd/ (noun) a small closed part that grows on a plant and from which a flower, leaf or stem develops; a flower or leaf that is not fully open Example: The first buds appearing in spring
Buttercup /ˈbʌtərkʌp/ (noun) a wild plant with small shiny yellow flowers that are like cups in shape Example: The petals of buttercups are often highly lustrous
Cactus /ˈkæktəs/ (noun) a plant that grows in hot dry regions, especially one with thick stems covered in spines but without leaves. There are many different types of cactus . Example: Cactus stems are often ribbed or fluted
Carnation /kɑːrˈneɪʃn/ (noun) a white, pink, red or yellow flower, often worn as a decoration on formal occasions Example: Carnations were mentioned in Greek literature 2,000 years ago.
Cedar /ˈsiːdər/ (noun) a tall evergreen tree with wide spreading branches Example: Cedrus, common English name cedar, is a genus of coniferous trees in the plant family Pinaceae
Cherry tree /ˈʧɛri triː/ (noun) a tree on which cherries grow, or a similar tree, grown for its flowers Example: A cherry tree will take three to four years once it is planted in the orchard to produce its first crop of fruit, and seven years to attain full maturity.
Chestnut tree /ˈʧɛsnʌt triː/ (noun) a large tree with spreading branches that produces smooth brown nuts inside cases that are covered with spikes Example: There are several types of chestnut tree.
Chrysanthemum /krɪˈzænθəməm/ (noun) a large, brightly coloured garden flower that is like a ball in shape and is made up of many long narrow petals Example: In Japan, a form of bonsai chrysanthemum was developed over the centuries.
Coconut tree /ˈkəʊkənʌt triː/ (noun) the large nut of a tropical tree called a coconut palm. It grows inside a hard shell and contains a soft white substance that can be eaten and juice that can be drunk. Example: She broke open the coconut and drank its sweet milk.
Corn /kɔːrn/ (noun) any plant that is grown for its grain, such as wheat ; the grain of these plants Example: The major crops are wheat, barley and corn.
Crocus /ˈkrəʊkəs/ (noun) a small yellow, purple or white flower that appears in early spring Example: Crocus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family comprising 90 species of perennials growing from corms.
Daffodil /ˈdæfədɪl/ (noun) a tall yellow spring flower that is like a trumpet in shape. It is a national symbol of Wales. Example: The daffodil is the national flower of Wales and the symbol of cancer charities in many countries.
Dahlia /ˈdeɪliə/ (noun) a large brightly coloured garden flower, often like a ball in shape Example: The dahlia was declared the national flower of Mexico in 1963.
Daisy /ˈdeɪzi/ (noun) a small wild flower with white petals around a yellow centre; a taller plant with similar but larger flowers Example: Daisies are one of the most recognizable and common flowers.
Dandelion /ˈdændɪlaɪən/ (noun) a small wild plant with a bright yellow flower that becomes a soft white ball of seeds called a dandelion clock Example: Dandelions are thought to have evolved about 30 million years ago in Eurasia
Fern /fɜːrn/ (noun) a plant with large attractive leaves and no flowers that grows in wet areas or is grown in a pot. There are many types of fern . Example: Ferns first appear in the fossil record about 360 million years ago in the middle Devonian period
Fig tree /fɪg triː/ (noun) a soft sweet fruit that is full of small seeds and often eaten dried Example: Figs are a delicious treat that thrive in warm climates but can also be grown in more temperate regions with a bit of extra care.
Fir /fɜːr/ (noun) an evergreen forest tree with leaves like needles Example: Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae.
Forget-me-not /fərˈɡet miː nɑːt/ (noun) a low-growing plant with small, light-blue flowers Example: In The Netherlands, the forget-me-not has become a symbol for Alzheimer Nederland, a foundation advocating for people suffering from dementia.
Foxglove /ˈfɑːksɡlʌv/ (noun) a tall plant with purple or white flowers that are like bells in shape growing up its stem Example: Foxglove has medicinal uses but can also be toxic to humans and other animals.
Geranium /dʒəˈreɪniəm/ (noun) a garden plant with a mass of red, pink or white flowers on the end of each stem Example: Geraniums are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail, ghost moth, and mouse moth.
Grow /ɡrəʊ/ (verb) to increase in size, number, strength or quality Example: The region is too dry for plants to grow.
Hazel /ˈheɪzl/ (noun) a small tree that produces small nuts (called hazelnuts ) that can be eaten Example: Hazels have simple, rounded leaves with double-serrate margins.
Herb /ɜːrb/ (noun) a plant whose leaves, flowers or seeds are used to add taste to food, in medicines or for their pleasant smell. parsley , mint and oregano are all herbs . Example: Herbs have a variety of uses including culinary, medicinal, and in some cases, spiritual.
Ivy /ˈaɪvi/ (noun) a climbing plant, especially one with dark green shiny leaves with five points Example: Ivy seeds are spread by birds
Lily /ˈlɪli/ (noun) a large white or brightly coloured flower with petals that curl back from the centre. There are many types of lily . Example: Lily are usually planted as bulbs in the dormant season.
Moss /mɔːs/ (noun) a very small green or yellow plant without flowers that spreads over wet surfaces, rocks, trees, etc. Example: Mosses are commonly confused with liverworts, hornworts and lichens.
Mushroom /ˈmʌʃrʊm/ (noun) a fungus with a round flat head and short stem . Many mushrooms can be eaten. Example: They went into the woods to pick wild mushrooms.
Nettle /ˈnetl/ (noun) a wild plant with leaves that have pointed edges, are covered in fine hairs and sting (= cause you pain) if you touch them Example: The nettles had spread and now covered half the garden.
Oak /əʊk/ (noun) a large tree that produces small nuts called acorns . Oaks are common in northern countries and can live to be hundreds of years old. Example: The forest is famous for its ancient oak trees.
Olive tree /ˈɒlɪv triː/ (noun) a tree on which olives grow Example: The olive tree, Olea europaea, is an evergreen tree or shrub native to Mediterranean Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Orchid /ˈɔːrkɪd/ (noun) a plant with brightly coloured flowers of unusual shapes. There are many different types of orchid and some of them are very rare. Example: Orchids are easily distinguished from other plants, as they share some very evident derived characteristics or synapomorphies.
Pine /paɪn/ (noun) an evergreen forest tree with leaves like needles Example: Pine is one of the more extensively used types of wood used as lumber.
Poppy /ˈpɑːpi/ (noun) a wild or garden plant, with a large delicate flower that is usually red, and small black seeds. Opium is obtained from one type of poppy . Example: Poppy oil is often used as cooking oil, salad dressing oil, or in products such as margarine.
Primrose /ˈprɪmrəʊz/ (noun) a small wild plant that produces pale yellow flowers in spring Example: Primrose is a small, perennial woodland plant that grows no more than 10cm high and can flower from December through to May
Root /ruːt/ (noun) the part of a plant that grows under the ground and takes in water and minerals that it sends to the rest of the plant Example: Tree roots can cause damage to buildings.
Rose /rəʊz/ (noun) a flower with a sweet smell that grows on a bush with thorns (= sharp points) on its stems Example: A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.
Shrub /ʃrʌb/ (noun) a large plant that is smaller than a tree and that has several stems of wood coming from the ground Example: Shrubs are perennial woody plants
Snowdrop /ˈsnəʊdrɑːp/ (noun) a small white flower that appears in early spring Example: Snowdrops have been known since the earliest times under various names
Thorn /θɔːrn/ (noun) a small sharp, pointed part on the stem of some plants, such as roses Example:
Trunk /trʌŋk/ (noun) the thick main stem of a tree, that the branches grow from Example: An instrument made from a hollowed-out tree trunk.
Tulip /ˈtuːlɪp/ (noun) a large, brightly coloured spring flower, like a cup in shape, on a tall stem Example: Tulips originally were found in a band stretching from Southern Europe to Central Asia
Water lily /ˈwɔːtər lɪli/ (noun) a plant that floats on the surface of water, with large, round, flat leaves and white, yellow or pink flowers Example: Pink water lilies catch the glow of sunrise.
Weeping willow /ˈwiːpɪŋ ˈwɪləʊ/ (noun) is a species of willow native to dry areas of northern China Example: Weeping willow is a medium- to large-sized deciduous tree.
Wheat /wiːt/ (noun) a plant grown for its grain that is used to produce the flour for bread, cakes, pasta , etc.; the grain of this plant Example: The land at Scampston is mainly sandy, so only wheats are grown.
Yew /juː/ (noun) a small tree with dark green leaves and small red berries Example: Yew trees contain the highly poisonous taxane alkaloids that have been developed as anti-cancer drugs.