wood /wʊd/
(noun) the hard material that the trunk and branches of a tree are made of; this material when it is used to build or make things with, or as a fuel
Example: He chopped some wood for the fire.

leaf /liːf/
(noun) a flat green part of a plant, growing from a stem or branch or from the root
Example: The leaves on the trees were beginning to turn from green to orange.

tree /triː/
(noun) a tall plant that can live a long time. Trees have a thick central wooden trunk from which branches grow, usually with leaves on them
Example: My father likes planting trees.

flower /ˈflaʊər/
(noun) the coloured part of a plant from which the seed or fruit develops. Flowers usually grow at the end of a stem and last only a short time.
Example: Do you like flowers?

grass /ɡræs/
(noun) a common wild plant with narrow green leaves and stems that are eaten by cows, horses, sheep, etc.
Example: a blade of grass

bush /bʊʃ/
(noun) a plant that grows thickly with several hard stems coming up from the root
Example: She was hiding in the bushes at the side of the lane.

branch /bræntʃ/
(noun) a part of a tree that grows out from the main stem and on which leaves, flowers and fruit grow
Example: She climbed the tree and hid in the branches.

seed /siːd/
(noun) the small hard part produced by a plant, from which a new plant can grow
Example: These vegetables can be grown from seed.

Beech /biːtʃ/
(noun) a tall forest tree with smooth grey bark , shiny leaves and small nuts
Example: The great beeches towered up towards the sky.

Birch /bɜːrtʃ/
(noun) a tree with smooth bark and thin branches that grows in northern countries
Example: Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs

Bloom /bluːm/
(noun) a flower (usually one on a plant that people admire for its flowers)
Example: The plant produced a single white bloom.

Bluebell /ˈbluːbel/
(noun) a garden or wild flower with a short stem and small blue or white flowers that have the shape of bells

Bracken /ˈbrækən/
(noun) a wild plant with large leaves that grows thickly on hills and in woods and turns brown in the autumn
Example: Bracken (Pteridium) is a genus of large, coarse ferns in the family Dennstaedtiaceae.

Bud /bʌd/
(noun) a small closed part that grows on a plant and from which a flower, leaf or stem develops; a flower or leaf that is not fully open
Example: The first buds appearing in spring

Buttercup /ˈbʌtərkʌp/
(noun) a wild plant with small shiny yellow flowers that are like cups in shape
Example: The petals of buttercups are often highly lustrous

Cactus /ˈkæktəs/
(noun) a plant that grows in hot dry regions, especially one with thick stems covered in spines but without leaves. There are many different types of cactus .
Example: Cactus stems are often ribbed or fluted

Carnation /kɑːrˈneɪʃn/
(noun) a white, pink, red or yellow flower, often worn as a decoration on formal occasions
Example: Carnations were mentioned in Greek literature 2,000 years ago.

Cedar /ˈsiːdər/
(noun) a tall evergreen tree with wide spreading branches
Example: Cedrus, common English name cedar, is a genus of coniferous trees in the plant family Pinaceae

Cherry tree
Cherry tree /ˈʧɛri triː/
(noun) a tree on which cherries grow, or a similar tree, grown for its flowers
Example: A cherry tree will take three to four years once it is planted in the orchard to produce its first crop of fruit, and seven years to attain full maturity.[12]

Chestnut tree
Chestnut tree /ˈʧɛsnʌt triː/
(noun) a large tree with spreading branches that produces smooth brown nuts inside cases that are covered with spikes
Example: There are several types of chestnut tree.

Chrysanthemum /krɪˈzænθəməm/
(noun) a large, brightly coloured garden flower that is like a ball in shape and is made up of many long narrow petals
Example: In Japan, a form of bonsai chrysanthemum was developed over the centuries.

Coconut tree
Coconut tree /ˈkəʊkənʌt triː/
(noun) the large nut of a tropical tree called a coconut palm. It grows inside a hard shell and contains a soft white substance that can be eaten and juice that can be drunk.
Example: She broke open the coconut and drank its sweet milk.

Corn /kɔːrn/
(noun) any plant that is grown for its grain, such as wheat ; the grain of these plants
Example: The major crops are wheat, barley and corn.

Crocus /ˈkrəʊkəs/
(noun) a small yellow, purple or white flower that appears in early spring
Example: Crocus is a genus of flowering plants in the iris family comprising 90 species of perennials growing from corms.

Daffodil /ˈdæfədɪl/
(noun) a tall yellow spring flower that is like a trumpet in shape. It is a national symbol of Wales.
Example: The daffodil is the national flower of Wales and the symbol of cancer charities in many countries.

Dahlia /ˈdeɪliə/
(noun) a large brightly coloured garden flower, often like a ball in shape
Example: The dahlia was declared the national flower of Mexico in 1963.

Daisy /ˈdeɪzi/
(noun) a small wild flower with white petals around a yellow centre; a taller plant with similar but larger flowers
Example: Daisies are one of the most recognizable and common flowers.

Dandelion /ˈdændɪlaɪən/
(noun) a small wild plant with a bright yellow flower that becomes a soft white ball of seeds called a dandelion clock
Example: Dandelions are thought to have evolved about 30 million years ago in Eurasia

Fern /fɜːrn/
(noun) a plant with large attractive leaves and no flowers that grows in wet areas or is grown in a pot. There are many types of fern .
Example: Ferns first appear in the fossil record about 360 million years ago in the middle Devonian period

Fig tree
Fig tree /fɪg triː/
(noun) a soft sweet fruit that is full of small seeds and often eaten dried
Example: Figs are a delicious treat that thrive in warm climates but can also be grown in more temperate regions with a bit of extra care.

Fir /fɜːr/
(noun) an evergreen forest tree with leaves like needles
Example: Firs (Abies) are a genus of 48–56 species of evergreen coniferous trees in the family Pinaceae.

Forget-me-not /fərˈɡet miː nɑːt/
(noun) a low-growing plant with small, light-blue flowers
Example: In The Netherlands, the forget-me-not has become a symbol for Alzheimer Nederland, a foundation advocating for people suffering from dementia.

Foxglove /ˈfɑːksɡlʌv/
(noun) a tall plant with purple or white flowers that are like bells in shape growing up its stem
Example: Foxglove has medicinal uses but can also be toxic to humans and other animals.

Geranium /dʒəˈreɪniəm/
(noun) a garden plant with a mass of red, pink or white flowers on the end of each stem
Example: Geraniums are eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including brown-tail, ghost moth, and mouse moth.

Grow /ɡrəʊ/
(verb) to increase in size, number, strength or quality
Example: The region is too dry for plants to grow.

Hazel /ˈheɪzl/
(noun) a small tree that produces small nuts (called hazelnuts ) that can be eaten
Example: Hazels have simple, rounded leaves with double-serrate margins.

Herb /ɜːrb/
(noun) a plant whose leaves, flowers or seeds are used to add taste to food, in medicines or for their pleasant smell. parsley , mint and oregano are all herbs .
Example: Herbs have a variety of uses including culinary, medicinal, and in some cases, spiritual.

Ivy /ˈaɪvi/
(noun) a climbing plant, especially one with dark green shiny leaves with five points
Example: Ivy seeds are spread by birds

Lily /ˈlɪli/
(noun) a large white or brightly coloured flower with petals that curl back from the centre. There are many types of lily .
Example: Lily are usually planted as bulbs in the dormant season.

Moss /mɔːs/
(noun) a very small green or yellow plant without flowers that spreads over wet surfaces, rocks, trees, etc.
Example: Mosses are commonly confused with liverworts, hornworts and lichens.

Mushroom /ˈmʌʃrʊm/
(noun) a fungus with a round flat head and short stem . Many mushrooms can be eaten.
Example: They went into the woods to pick wild mushrooms.

Nettle /ˈnetl/
(noun) a wild plant with leaves that have pointed edges, are covered in fine hairs and sting (= cause you pain) if you touch them
Example: The nettles had spread and now covered half the garden.

Oak /əʊk/
(noun) a large tree that produces small nuts called acorns . Oaks are common in northern countries and can live to be hundreds of years old.
Example: The forest is famous for its ancient oak trees.

Olive tree
Olive tree /ˈɒlɪv triː/
(noun) a tree on which olives grow
Example: The olive tree, Olea europaea, is an evergreen tree or shrub native to Mediterranean Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Orchid /ˈɔːrkɪd/
(noun) a plant with brightly coloured flowers of unusual shapes. There are many different types of orchid and some of them are very rare.
Example: Orchids are easily distinguished from other plants, as they share some very evident derived characteristics or synapomorphies.

Pine /paɪn/
(noun) an evergreen forest tree with leaves like needles
Example: Pine is one of the more extensively used types of wood used as lumber.

Poppy /ˈpɑːpi/
(noun) a wild or garden plant, with a large delicate flower that is usually red, and small black seeds. Opium is obtained from one type of poppy .
Example: Poppy oil is often used as cooking oil, salad dressing oil, or in products such as margarine.

Primrose /ˈprɪmrəʊz/
(noun) a small wild plant that produces pale yellow flowers in spring
Example: Primrose is a small, perennial woodland plant that grows no more than 10cm high and can flower from December through to May

Root /ruːt/
(noun) the part of a plant that grows under the ground and takes in water and minerals that it sends to the rest of the plant
Example: Tree roots can cause damage to buildings.

Rose /rəʊz/
(noun) a flower with a sweet smell that grows on a bush with thorns (= sharp points) on its stems
Example: A rose is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears.

Shrub /ʃrʌb/
(noun) a large plant that is smaller than a tree and that has several stems of wood coming from the ground
Example: Shrubs are perennial woody plants

Snowdrop /ˈsnəʊdrɑːp/
(noun) a small white flower that appears in early spring
Example: Snowdrops have been known since the earliest times under various names

Thorn /θɔːrn/
(noun) a small sharp, pointed part on the stem of some plants, such as roses

Trunk /trʌŋk/
(noun) the thick main stem of a tree, that the branches grow from
Example: An instrument made from a hollowed-out tree trunk.

Tulip /ˈtuːlɪp/
(noun) a large, brightly coloured spring flower, like a cup in shape, on a tall stem
Example: Tulips originally were found in a band stretching from Southern Europe to Central Asia

Water lily
Water lily /ˈwɔːtər lɪli/
(noun) a plant that floats on the surface of water, with large, round, flat leaves and white, yellow or pink flowers
Example: Pink water lilies catch the glow of sunrise.

Weeping willow
Weeping willow /ˈwiːpɪŋ ˈwɪləʊ/
(noun) is a species of willow native to dry areas of northern China
Example: Weeping willow is a medium- to large-sized deciduous tree.

Wheat /wiːt/
(noun) a plant grown for its grain that is used to produce the flour for bread, cakes, pasta , etc.; the grain of this plant
Example: The land at Scampston is mainly sandy, so only wheats are grown.

Yew /juː/
(noun) a small tree with dark green leaves and small red berries
Example: Yew trees contain the highly poisonous taxane alkaloids that have been developed as anti-cancer drugs.